Xfce Forum

Sub domains
 

You are not logged in.

#1 2019-11-08 15:05:57

Jerry3904
Member
Registered: 2013-11-09
Posts: 744

launch applications menu

In my spare time, I am fooling around putting fluxbox over an xfce4 base, with the user selecting fb from the login screen. I am using xfce components which makes for a very nice package.

I would like to be able to add an entry to the desktop menu called "Applications" that pops up the Xfce Applications menu the way a right-click on the Xfce desktop can do. Is there a command-line method of launching it?

Thanks for any help.


MX-19 (based on Debian Stable) with Xfce 4.14.
My little collection: Xfce Tidbits

Offline

#2 2019-11-09 14:00:51

Jerry3904
Member
Registered: 2013-11-09
Posts: 744

Re: launch applications menu

OK, I see this isn't a thriller...

I went through /usr/bin/ and found the file that does it: xfce4-popup-applicationsmenu. It is set for xfce4panel and xfdesktop, so I will try to see if it works as is or needs some redirection.

#!/bin/sh
#
# Copyright (C) 2010 Nick Schermer <nick@xfce.org>
#
# This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
# Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
# any later version.
#
# This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
# ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
# more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
# License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
#

export TEXTDOMAIN="xfce4-panel"
export TEXTDOMAINDIR="/usr/share/locale"

ATPOINTER="false"

case "$1" in
  -h|--help)
    echo "$(gettext "Usage:")"
    echo "  $(basename $0) [$(gettext "OPTION")...]"
    echo
    echo "$(gettext "Options:")"
    echo "  -p, --pointer   $(gettext "Popup menu at current mouse position")"
    echo "  -h, --help      $(gettext "Show help options")"
    echo "  -V, --version   $(gettext "Print version information and exit")"
    exit 0
    ;;
  -V|--version)
    exec /usr/bin/xfce4-panel -V "$(basename $0)"
    exit 0
    ;;
  -p|--pointer)
    ATPOINTER="true"
    ;;
esac

# try to open panel menu, if this fails try xfdesktop
/usr/bin/xfce4-panel --plugin-event=applicationsmenu:popup:bool:$ATPOINTER || xfdesktop --menu

# vim:set ts=2 sw=2 et ai:

MX-19 (based on Debian Stable) with Xfce 4.14.
My little collection: Xfce Tidbits

Offline

#3 2019-11-09 14:15:49

ToZ
Moderator
From: Canada
Registered: 2011-06-02
Posts: 5,969

Re: launch applications menu

There is no easy way to call that menu. It's all done programmatically using garcon.

You can use xfce4-popup-applicationsmenu with the following constraints:
- if the applications menu is added to the panel, then it will popup the menu
- if desktop menus are enabled, it will popup the desktop menu - but that will include the desktop entries and the applications menu (if enabled in desktop settings). There is no way to just show the applications menu
- if the applications menu is not added to the panel, and desktop menus are disabled, then nothing will happen.

Perhaps you could use jgmenu to popup an xdg-compliant menu (it was mentioned on this previous post.

Offline

#4 2019-11-09 14:49:05

Jerry3904
Member
Registered: 2013-11-09
Posts: 744

Re: launch applications menu

Thanks, I will take a look at those.

I have created a workaround for now that is pretty neat: add a fluxbox menu item that calls a local panel (/home/$USER/.local/bin/fb-xfce4-panel) and reduce that panel to the Applications or Whisker icon. ATM the icon is small and stuck in the upper left corner, but I can change all that later. [url=https://imgur.com/jzEkcyU.png]
  jzEkcyU.png
[/url]

Last edited by Jerry3904 (2019-11-09 14:52:06)


MX-19 (based on Debian Stable) with Xfce 4.14.
My little collection: Xfce Tidbits

Offline

#5 2019-11-09 14:53:47

ToZ
Moderator
From: Canada
Registered: 2011-06-02
Posts: 5,969

Re: launch applications menu

According to this, you can generate an XDG-compliant custom menu and add it to the fluxbox menu.

xdg_menu --format fluxbox  --root-menu /etc/xdg/menus/xfce-applications.menu >~/.fluxbox/my-menu

...and then insert into the fluxbox menu:

[include] (~/.fluxbox/my-menu)

To keep the menu up to date, you can cron the first command to run at regular intervals.

Offline

#6 2019-11-09 15:09:22

Jerry3904
Member
Registered: 2013-11-09
Posts: 744

Re: launch applications menu

I tried that earlier (along with just about everything else in the Arch wiki), thanks, but the command xdg_menu is "unknown" and is not found in the Debian 10 repos. Maybe it is in Arch...


MX-19 (based on Debian Stable) with Xfce 4.14.
My little collection: Xfce Tidbits

Offline

#7 2019-11-09 16:09:32

ToZ
Moderator
From: Canada
Registered: 2011-06-02
Posts: 5,969

Re: launch applications menu

Ah, yes it is. It's just a simple script. Requires perl and perl-xml-parser. Here is the script:

#!/usr/bin/perl -w

#
# xdg-menu for archlinux. based on suse xdg-menu written by <nadvornik@suse.cz>
# Sergej Pupykin <pupykin.s@gmail.com>
#

# >> Copyright (c) 2003 SuSE Linux AG, Nuernberg, Germany. All rights reserved.
# >> 
# >> Author: nadvornik@suse.cz
# >> 

use strict;
no warnings qw(uninitialized prototype);
use Getopt::Long;
use Encode;
use I18N::Langinfo qw(langinfo CODESET);
use POSIX qw(locale_h);
use Digest::MD5 qw(md5_hex);

my $Version = "0.7.6.3";

my $DefaultAppDirs;
my $DefaultDirectoryDirs;
my @KDELegacyDirs;

my $format = 'WindowMaker';
my $desktop_name;
my $language = '';
my $charset = 'iso-8859-1';
my $root_cmd = 'xdg_menu_su';

my $die_on_error = 0;
my $verbose = 0;
my $fullmenu = 0;

my @language_keys;

my @accessed_files;
my @save_ARGV = @ARGV;
my $kdeconfig = get_kde_config();

my %Desktop_entries;
my %Directory_entries;

sub check_file ($)
{
    my ($file) =@_;

    unless (-e $file)
    {
        push @accessed_files, "X $file";
        return '';
    }

    if (-d $file)
    {
        push @accessed_files, "D $file";
        return 'D';
    }
    else
    {
        push @accessed_files, "F $file";
        return 'F';
    }
}

sub findicon
{
#       my $theme = "hicolor";

        my $iconname = shift;

        my $home = $ENV{"HOME"};
        my $xdg_data_dirs = $ENV{"XDG_DATA_DIRS"} || "/usr/local/share:/usr/share";

        my (@xdg_data_dirs);
        @xdg_data_dirs = split(":",$xdg_data_dirs);

        my (@icon_search_path);
        push @icon_search_path, "/";

        my (@categorylist);
        @categorylist = ("apps", "places", "devices", "actions", "animations", "categories", "emblems", "emotes", "filesystems", "intl", "mimetypes", "status", "stock");

        my (@sizelist);
        @sizelist = (16, 22, 24, 26, 32, 36, 48, 64, 72, 128, 192, 256);

        my $thisdir = $home."/.icons";
        ( -d $thisdir ) && push @icon_search_path, $thisdir;
        foreach my $dir (@xdg_data_dirs)
        {
                my $theme = "hicolor";
                my $size;
                my $category;
                foreach $size (@sizelist)
                {
                        foreach $category (@categorylist)
                        {
                                $thisdir = $dir."/icons/".$theme."/".$size."x".$size."/".$category;
                                ( -d $thisdir ) && push @icon_search_path, $thisdir;
                        }
                }
                $thisdir = $dir."/icons/mini";
                ( -d $thisdir ) && push @icon_search_path, $thisdir;
                $thisdir = $dir."/icons";
                ( -d $thisdir ) && push @icon_search_path, $thisdir;
                $thisdir = $dir."/icons/large";
                ( -d $thisdir ) && push @icon_search_path, $thisdir;
                $theme = "gnome";
                foreach $size (@sizelist)
                {
                        foreach $category (@categorylist)
                        {
                                $thisdir = $dir."/icons/".$theme."/".$size."x".$size."/".$category;
                                ( -d $thisdir ) && push @icon_search_path, $thisdir;

                        }
                }
        }

        push @icon_search_path, "/usr/share/pixmaps";

        my $filename;

        #if ( -f $iconname )
        #{
        #        return $iconname;
        #}
        #else
        {

                foreach my $dir (@icon_search_path)
                {
                        foreach my $ext ('','.png','.xpm','.svg')
                        {
                                $filename = $dir."/".$iconname.$ext;
                                ( -f $filename ) && return $filename;
                        }
                }
        }
}

# sub add_png_extension_if_needed ($)
# {
#         my ($f) = @_;
#         return $f =~ /\.(png|xpm|svg)$/ ? $f : "$f.png";
# }

sub scan_AppDir ($$;$)
{
    my ($pool, $dir, $topdir) = @_;

    check_file($dir);
    $topdir = $dir unless defined $topdir;

    return if(check_file($dir) ne 'D');

    my $DIR;

    opendir($DIR, $dir) or return;

    foreach my $entry (readdir($DIR))
    {
        if ( -f "$dir/$entry" && $entry =~ /\.desktop$/ )
        {
            read_desktop_entry($pool, "$dir/$entry", $topdir);
        }
        elsif ( -d "$dir/$entry" && $entry ne '.' && $entry ne '..' && $entry ne '.hidden')
        {
            scan_AppDir ($pool, "$dir/$entry", $topdir);
        }
    }
    closedir $DIR;
}

sub scan_DirectoryDir ($$;$)
{
    my ($pool, $dir, $topdir) = @_;

    check_file($dir);
    $topdir = $dir unless defined $topdir;

    opendir(DIR, $dir) or return;

    foreach my $entry (readdir(DIR))
    {
        if ( -f "$dir/$entry" && $entry =~ /\.directory$/ )
        {
            read_directory_entry($pool, "$dir/$entry", $topdir);
        }
        elsif ( -d "$dir/$entry" && $entry ne '.' && $entry ne '..' && $entry ne '.hidden')
        {
            scan_DirectoryDir ($pool, "$dir/$entry", $topdir);
        }
    }

    closedir DIR;
}

sub read_directory_entry
{
    my ($pool, $file, $topdir) = @_;

    unless (defined $Directory_entries{$file})
    {
        check_file($file);

        open(FILE, "<$file") or return;

        my $in_desktop_entry = 0;
        my %entry;
        while (<FILE>)
        {
            if (/^\[/)
            {
                if (/^\[Desktop Entry\]/)
                {
                    $in_desktop_entry = 1;
                }
                elsif (/^\[.*\]/)
                {
                    $in_desktop_entry = 0;
                }
            }
            elsif ($in_desktop_entry && /^([^=]*)=([^[:cntrl:]]*)/)
            {
                $entry{$1} = $2;
            }
        }
        close(FILE);

        my $id = $file;
        $id =~ s/^$topdir//;
        $id =~ s/^\/*//;
        $id =~ s/\//-/g;
        $entry{'id'} = $id;

        $Directory_entries{$file} = \%entry;
    }

    my $entry = $Directory_entries{$file};

    $pool->{'Directory_entries'}{$entry->{'id'}} = $entry;
}

sub check_show_in ($)
{
    my ($entry) = @_;

    return 1 unless defined $entry;

    my %OnlyShowIn;
    my %NotShowIn;

    if (defined $entry->{'OnlyShowIn'})
    {
        foreach my $showin (split /;/, $entry->{'OnlyShowIn'})
    {
      $OnlyShowIn{$showin} = 1;
    }
    return 0 unless defined $OnlyShowIn{$desktop_name};
  }
  if (defined $entry->{'NotShowIn'})
  {
    foreach my $showin (split /;/, $entry->{'NotShowIn'})
    {
      $NotShowIn{$showin} = 1;
    }
    return 0 if defined $NotShowIn{$desktop_name} ;
  }

  return 1;
}

sub read_desktop_entry
{
    my ($pool, $file, $topdir) = @_;

    unless (defined $Desktop_entries{$file})
    {
        check_file($file);

        open(FILE, "<$file") or return;

        my $in_desktop_entry = 0;
        my %entry;
        while (<FILE>)
        {
            if (/^\[/)
            {
                if (/^\[Desktop Entry\]/)
        {
          $in_desktop_entry = 1;
        }
        elsif (/^\[.*\]/)
        {
          $in_desktop_entry = 0;
        }
      }
      elsif ($in_desktop_entry && /^([^=]*)=([^[:cntrl:]]*)/)
      {
        $entry{$1} = $2;
      }
    }
    close(FILE);

    my $id = $file;
    $id =~ s/^$topdir//;
      $id =~ s/^\/*//;
      $id =~ s/\//-/g;
    $entry{'id'} = $id;

    $entry{'refcount'} = 0;
    $Desktop_entries{$file} = \%entry;
  }

  my $entry = $Desktop_entries{$file};

  return unless defined $entry->{'Name'};
  return unless defined $entry->{'Exec'};
  return if $entry->{'Hidden'} eq 'true';
  return if $entry->{'NoDisplay'} eq 'true';

  return unless check_show_in($entry);

  return if defined $entry->{'NotShowIn'} && $entry->{'NotShowIn'} eq $desktop_name;


  if (defined $pool)
  {
    foreach my $category (split /;/, $entry->{'Categories'})
                {
                    $pool->{'Categories'}{$category} = [] unless defined $pool->{'Categories'}{$category};
                    push @{$pool->{'Categories'}{$category}}, $entry;
                }
                $pool->{'Desktop_entries'}{$entry->{'id'}} = $entry;
            }
            return $entry;
        }

        my $cached_pool;

        sub read_desktop_entries ($$)
{
    my ($directory_paths, $desktop_paths) = @_;

    if ($cached_pool->{'Directory_paths'} eq $directory_paths &&
        $cached_pool->{'Desktop_paths'} eq $desktop_paths) {

        return $cached_pool;
    }


    my $pool = {'Desktop_entries' => {},
                'Categories' => {},
                'Directory_entries' => {},
                'Directory_paths' => $directory_paths,
                'Desktop_paths' => $desktop_paths
    };

    foreach my $dir (split /:/, $directory_paths) {
        next if $dir =~ /^\s*$/;
		scan_DirectoryDir($pool, $dir);
	}

	foreach my $dir (split /:/, $desktop_paths) {
        next if $dir =~ /^\s*$/;
		scan_AppDir($pool, $dir);
	}

	$cached_pool = $pool;

	return $pool;
}

sub dump_entry_list ($)
{
    my ($list) = @_;

    print "list: ";
    foreach my $entry (@$list) {
        print "$entry->{id} ";
    }
    print "\n";

}

sub get_directory_entry ($$)
{
    my ($entry, $pool) = @_;

    return $pool->{'Directory_entries'}{$entry};
}

sub interpret_Include
{
    my ($tree, $entries, $pool) = @_;
    my %exist;

    my $i = 0;


    my @list = interpret_entry_node($tree, 'Or', $pool);

    foreach my $e (@$entries) {
        if ($e->{type} eq 'desktop') {
            $exist{$e->{desktop}} = 1;
        }
    }


#	dump_entry_list(\@list);

    foreach my $entry (@list) {

        next if $exist{$entry};

        push @$entries, {type => 'desktop', desktop => $entry};
        $entry->{'refcount'}++;

        $exist{$entry} = 1;

    }
}

sub interpret_Exclude
{
    my ($tree, $entries, $pool) = @_;

    my $i = 0;

    my @list = interpret_entry_node($tree, 'Or', $pool);


    foreach my $entry (@list) {

        my $i = 0;
        while (defined $entries->[$i]) {
            my $exist = $entries->[$i];
            if ($exist->{type} eq 'desktop' &&
                $exist->{desktop} eq $entry) {
                splice @$entries, $i, 1;
                $entry->{'refcount'}--;
            }
            else {
                $i++;
            }
        }
    }
}


sub interpret_entry_node ($$$)
{
    my ($tree, $node, $pool) = @_;

    my $i = 0;
    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    my @subtree;

    while (defined $tree->[$i]) {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'Filename') {
            $i++;
            if (ref($tree->[$i][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i][1] eq '0') {
                my $entry = $tree->[$i][2];
                if (defined $pool->{'Desktop_entries'}{$entry}) {
                    push @subtree, [$pool->{'Desktop_entries'}{$entry}];
                }
                else {
                    push @subtree, [];
                }
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "Filename\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
            }
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'Category') {
            $i++;
            if (ref($tree->[$i][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i][1] eq '0') {
                my $category = $tree->[$i][2];
                if (defined $pool->{'Categories'}{$category}) {
                    push @subtree, $pool->{'Categories'}{$category};
                }
                else {
                    push @subtree, [];
                }
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "Category\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
            }
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'All') {
            $i++;
            if (values %{$pool->{'Desktop_entries'}} > 0) {
                push @subtree, [values %{$pool->{'Desktop_entries'}}];
            }
            else {
                push @subtree, [];
            }
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq '0') {
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
        else {
            my @res = interpret_entry_node($tree->[$i+1], $tree->[$i], $pool);
            push @subtree, \@res;
            $i++; $i++;
        }
    }

    if ($node eq 'Or')
    {
#		print "or - \n";

        my %used;
        my @res;
        foreach my $st (@subtree) {
#			print "  st: ";
#			dump_entry_list($st);
            foreach my $entry (@$st) {
                if (! defined $used{$entry}) {
                    push @res, $entry;
                    $used{$entry} = 1;
                }
            }
        }
#		print " res: ";
#		dump_entry_list(\@res);
        return @res;
    } elsif ($node eq 'And')
    {
        my %used;
        my @res;
#		print "and - \n";
        my $cnt = @subtree;
        my $min = @{$subtree[0]};
        my $min_idx = 0;
        my $idx = 0;

        foreach my $st (@subtree) {
#			print "  st: ";
#			dump_entry_list($st);

            my $num = @$st;
            if ($num < $min) {
                $min = $num;
                $min_idx = $idx;
            }

            my %dupes;
            foreach my $entry (@$st) {
                next if $dupes{$entry};
                $dupes{$entry} = 1;

                if (! defined $used{$entry}) {
                    $used{$entry} = 1;
                }
                else {
                    $used{$entry} ++
                }
            }

            $idx ++;
        }
        return () if $cnt == 0;
        foreach my $entry (@{$subtree[$min_idx]}) {
            push @res, $entry if $used{$entry} == $cnt;
        }

#		print " res: ";
#		dump_entry_list(\@res);
        return @res;
    } elsif ($node eq 'Not')
    {
        my %used;
        my @res;
#		print "not - \n";
        my $cnt = @subtree;
        foreach my $st (@subtree) {
#			print "  st: ";
#			dump_entry_list($st);
            foreach my $entry (@$st) {
                $used{$entry} = 1;
            }
        }
        return if $cnt == 0;
        foreach my $entry (values %{$pool->{'Desktop_entries'}}) {
            push @res, $entry if !defined $used{$entry};
        }

#		print " res: ";
#		dump_entry_list(\@res);
        return @res;
    } else {
        print STDERR "Can't use '$node' inside <Include> or <Exclude>\n";
        exit 1 if $die_on_error;
        return ();
    }
}

sub interpret_root ($$)
{
    my ($tree, $topdir) = @_;
    if ($tree->[0] eq 'Menu') {
        return interpret_menu($tree->[1]);
    }
    else {
        print STDERR "No toplevel Menu\n";
        exit 1 if $die_on_error;
        return;
    }
}


sub interpret_menu ($;$$)
{
    my ($tree, $directory_paths, $desktop_paths) = @_;

    $directory_paths = '' unless defined $directory_paths;
    $desktop_paths = '' unless defined $desktop_paths;

    my %menu = ('entries' => [],
                'OnlyUnallocated' => 0,
                'DontShowIfEmpty' => 0,
                'Deleted' => 0);

    my $i = 0;

    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i]) {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'AppDir') {
            if (ref($tree->[$i + 1][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i + 1][1] eq '0') {
                $desktop_paths .= ':' . $tree->[$i + 1][2];
                splice @$tree, $i, 2;
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong AppDir\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
                $i++;
                $i++;
            }
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'DefaultAppDirs') {
            $desktop_paths .= ':' . $DefaultAppDirs;
            splice @$tree, $i, 2;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'DirectoryDir') {
            if (ref($tree->[$i + 1][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i + 1][1] eq '0') {
                $directory_paths .= ':' . $tree->[$i + 1][2];
                splice @$tree, $i, 2;
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong DirectoryDir\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
                $i++;
                $i++;
            }
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'DefaultDirectoryDirs') {
            $directory_paths .= ':' . $DefaultDirectoryDirs;
            splice @$tree, $i, 2;
        }
        else {
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
    }


    $menu{directory_paths} = $directory_paths;
    $menu{desktop_paths} = $desktop_paths;

    my $pool = read_desktop_entries($directory_paths, $desktop_paths);


    $i = 0;

    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i]) {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'Menu') {
            $i++;
            my $submenu = interpret_menu($tree->[$i], $directory_paths, $desktop_paths);
            push @{$menu{'entries'}}, {type => 'menu', menu => $submenu};
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'Name') {
            $i++;
            if (ref($tree->[$i][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i][1] eq '0') {
                $menu{'Name'} = $tree->[$i][2];
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong Name\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
            }
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'Directory') {
            $i++;
            if (ref($tree->[$i][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i][1] eq '0') {
                $menu{'Directory'} = get_directory_entry($tree->[$i][2], $pool);
#				print "Directory " . $tree->[$i][2] . "\n";
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong Directory\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
            }
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'OnlyUnallocated') {
            $menu{'OnlyUnallocated'} = 1;
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'DontShowIfEmpty') {
            $menu{'DontShowIfEmpty'} = 1;
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'Deleted') {
            $menu{'Deleted'} = 1;
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'NotDeleted') {
            $menu{'Deleted'} = 0;
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'Include') {
            $i++;
            interpret_Include($tree->[$i], $menu{'entries'}, $pool);
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'Exclude') {
            $i++;
            interpret_Exclude($tree->[$i], $menu{'entries'}, $pool);
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq '0') {
            $i++;
            if ($tree->[$i] !~ /^\s*$/) {
                print STDERR "skip '$tree->[$i]'\n" ;
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
            }
            $i++;
        }
        else {
            print STDERR "Unknown '$tree->[$i]':\n";
            $i++;
            print STDERR "        '@{$tree->[$i]}'\n";
            $i++;
            exit 1 if $die_on_error;
        }
    }

    return \%menu;
}


sub read_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($file, $basedir) = @_;


    if ($file !~ /^\// && defined $basedir) {
        $file = "$basedir/$file";
    }

    unless (defined $basedir) {
        $basedir = $file;
        $basedir =~ s/\/[^\/]*$//;
    }

    unless (check_file($file)) {
        print STDERR "WARNING: '$file' does not exist\n";
        return ['Menu', [{}]];
    }

    print STDERR "reading '$file'\n" if $verbose;

    my $parser = new XML::Parser(Style => 'Tree');
    my $tree = $parser->parsefile($file);

    my $DefaultMergeDir = $file;
    $DefaultMergeDir =~ s/^.*\///;
    $DefaultMergeDir =~ s/\.menu$/-merged/;

    read_includes($tree, $basedir, $DefaultMergeDir);

    return $tree
}

sub read_menu_dir ($;$)
{
    my ($dir, $basedir) = @_;

    my @out;

    if ($dir !~ /^\// && defined $basedir) {
        $dir = "$basedir/$dir";
    }


    if(check_file($dir) ne 'D')
    {
	return [];
    }

    opendir(DIR, $dir);

    foreach my $entry (readdir(DIR)) {

        if ( -f "$dir/$entry" && $entry =~ /\.menu$/ ) {
            my $menu = read_menu("$dir/$entry");
            $menu = remove_toplevel_Menu($menu);
            push @out, @$menu;
        }
    }
    closedir DIR;

    return \@out;
}

sub quote_xml ($)
{
    my ($txt) = @_;

    $txt =~ s/&/&amp;/g;
    $txt =~ s/</&lt;/g;
    $txt =~ s/>/&gt;/g;
    return $txt;
}

sub read_legacy_dir ($;$)
{
    my ($dir,$basedir) = @_;
    my $out;

    $dir =~ s/\/*$//;

    $basedir = $dir unless defined $basedir;

    return "" if check_file($dir) ne 'D';

    $out = "<Menu>\n";

    if ($dir eq $basedir) {
        my $xmldir = quote_xml($dir);

        $out .= "<AppDir>$xmldir</AppDir>\n";
        $out .= "<DirectoryDir>$xmldir</DirectoryDir>\n";
    }
    else {
        my $name = $dir;
        $name =~ s/\/*$//;
        $name =~ s/^.*\///;

        $name = quote_xml($name);

        $out .= "<Name>$name</Name>\n";
    }


    if (-f "$dir/.directory") {

        my $dir_id = "$dir/.directory";
        $dir_id =~ s/^$basedir//;
        $dir_id =~ s/^\///;
        $dir_id = quote_xml($dir_id);

        $out .= "<Directory>$dir_id</Directory>\n";
    }

    opendir(DIR, $dir);

    foreach my $entry (readdir(DIR)) {

        if ( -f "$dir/$entry" && $entry =~ /\.desktop$/ ) {
            my $id = "$dir/$entry";
            $id =~ s/^$basedir//;
            $id =~ s/^\///;
            $id =~ s/\//-/g;
            $id = quote_xml($id);

            my $desktop = read_desktop_entry(undef, "$dir/$entry", $basedir);
            $out .= "<Include><Filename>$id</Filename></Include>\n" unless defined $desktop->{'Categories'}
        }
        elsif ( -d "$dir/$entry" && $entry ne '.' && $entry ne '..' && $entry ne '.hidden') {
            $out .= read_legacy_dir("$dir/$entry", $basedir);
        }
    }
    closedir DIR;
    $out .= "</Menu>\n";
    return $out;
}

sub remove_toplevel_Menu ($)
{
    my ($tree) = @_;
    if ($tree->[0] eq 'Menu') {
        shift @{$tree->[1]} if (ref($tree->[1][0]) eq 'HASH');
        return $tree->[1];
    }
    else {
        print STDERR "No toplevel Menu\n";
        exit 1 if $die_on_error;
        return;
    }
}

sub read_includes ($$$)
{
    my ($tree, $basedir, $DefaultMergeDir) = @_;

    my $i = 0;

    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i]) {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'MergeFile') {
            if (ref($tree->[$i + 1][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i + 1][1] eq '0') {
                my $add_tree = read_menu($tree->[$i + 1][2], $basedir);
                $add_tree = remove_toplevel_Menu($add_tree);

                splice @$tree, $i, 2, @$add_tree;

            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong MergeFile\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
                $i++;
                $i++;
            }

        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'MergeDir') {
            if (ref($tree->[$i + 1][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i + 1][1] eq '0') {

                my $add_tree = read_menu_dir($tree->[$i + 1][2], $basedir);

                splice @$tree, $i, 2, @$add_tree;

            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong MergeFile\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
                $i++;
                $i++;
            }
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'DefaultMergeDirs') {
            my $add_tree = read_menu_dir($DefaultMergeDir, $basedir);
            splice @$tree, $i, 2, @$add_tree;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'LegacyDir') {
            if (ref($tree->[$i + 1][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i + 1][1] eq '0') {
		if( -d $tree->[$i + 1][2])
		{
            	    my $xml = read_legacy_dir($tree->[$i + 1][2]);
            	    print STDERR "reading legacy directory '" . $tree->[$i + 1][2] . "'\n" if $verbose;
            	    my $parser = new XML::Parser(Style => 'Tree');
            	    my $add_tree = $parser->parse($xml);
            	    $add_tree = remove_toplevel_Menu($add_tree);
            	    splice @$tree, $i, 2, @$add_tree;
		}
		else
		{
            	    print STDERR "legacy directory '" . $tree->[$i + 1][2] . "' not found\n" if $verbose;
            	    splice @$tree, $i, 2, ();
		}
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong LegacyDir\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
                $i++;
                $i++;
            }
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'KDELegacyDirs') {
            my @out;
            foreach my $dir (@KDELegacyDirs) {
                my $xml = read_legacy_dir($dir);
                print STDERR "reading legacy directory '$dir'\n" if $verbose;

                my $parser = new XML::Parser(Style => 'Tree');
                my $add_tree = $parser->parse($xml);
                $add_tree = remove_toplevel_Menu($add_tree);
                push @out, @$add_tree
            }
            splice @$tree, $i, 2, @out;
        }
        elsif ($tree->[$i] eq 'Menu') {
            $i++;
            read_includes($tree->[$i], $basedir, $DefaultMergeDir);
            $i++;
        }
        else {
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
    }
}

sub get_menu_name ($)
{
    my ($tree) = @_;
    my $name;

    my $i = 0;

    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i]) {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'Name') {
            $i++;
            if (ref($tree->[$i][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i][1] eq '0') {
                $name = $tree->[$i][2];
                last;
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong Name\n";
            }
            $i++;
        }
        else {
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
    }

    unless (defined $name) {
        print STDERR "Menu has no name element\n";
    }
    return $name;
}


sub append_menu ($$)
{
    my ($target, $source) = @_;

    my $i = 0;

    $i++ if (ref($source->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $source->[$i]) {
        if ($source->[$i] ne 'Name') {
            push @$target, $source->[$i];
            push @$target, $source->[$i + 1];
        }

        $i++;
        $i++;
    }
}


sub merge_menus ($)
{
    my ($tree) = @_;

    my %used; #menu name already used

    my $i = 0;

    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i]) {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'Menu') {
            my $name = get_menu_name($tree->[$i + 1]);
            if (defined $used{$name}) { #second menu with the same name
                my $target = $used{$name};

                append_menu($tree->[$target], $tree->[$i + 1]);

                splice @$tree, $i, 2;
            }
            else { # first appearance
                $used{$name} = $i + 1;
                $i++;
                $i++;
            }
        }
        else {
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
    }


    $i = 0;
    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i]) {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'Menu') {
            merge_menus($tree->[$i + 1]);
        }
        $i++;
        $i++;
    }
}

sub read_Move ($$)
{
    my ($tree, $hash) = @_;

    my $i = 0;

    my $old = '';


    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i]) {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'Old') {
            $i++;
            if (ref($tree->[$i][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i][1] eq '0') {
                $old = $tree->[$i][2];
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong Old\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
            }
            $i++;
        }
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'New')
        {
            $i++;
            if (ref($tree->[$i][0]) eq 'HASH' and $tree->[$i][1] eq '0') {
                $hash->{$old} = $tree->[$i][2];
            }
            else {
                print STDERR "wrong New\n";
                exit 1 if $die_on_error;
            }
            $i++;
        }
        else
        {
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
    }
}

sub find_menu_in_tree ($$)
{
    my ($path, $tree) = @_;

    my $root = $path;
    $root =~ s/\/.*$//;

    my $subpath = $path;
    $subpath =~ s/^[^\/]*\/*//;

    my $i = 0;

    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i])
    {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'Menu')
        {
            if ($root eq get_menu_name($tree->[$i + 1]))
            {

                if ($subpath eq '')
                {
                    return { 'parent' => $tree, 'index' => $i, 'menu' => $tree->[$i + 1]};
                }
                return find_menu_in_tree($subpath, $tree->[$i + 1]);
            }
        }

        $i++;
        $i++;
    }

    return undef;
}

sub copy_menu ($$)
{
    my ($path, $tree) = @_;

    my $tail;
    my $child;

    foreach my $elem (reverse split(/\//, $path))
    {
        next if $elem eq '';

        my $menu = [{}, 'Name', [{}, 0, $elem]];
        push @$menu, ('Menu', $child) if defined $child;

        $tail = $menu unless defined $tail;
        $child = $menu;
    }

    append_menu($tail, $tree);

    return $child;
}

sub move_menus ($)
{
    my ($tree) = @_;

#	print "@$tree\n";
    my %move;

    my $i = 0;

    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i])
    {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'Move')
        {

            read_Move($tree->[$i + 1], \%move);
            splice @$tree, $i, 2;
        }
        else
        {
            $i++;
            $i++;
        }
    }

    foreach my $source (keys %move)
    {
        my $sourceinfo = find_menu_in_tree($source, $tree);

        if (defined $sourceinfo) {
            my $target = copy_menu($move{$source}, $sourceinfo->{'menu'});
            splice @{$sourceinfo->{'parent'}}, $sourceinfo->{'index'}, 2;
            push @$tree, ('Menu', $target);
            merge_menus($tree);
        }
    }

    $i = 0;
    $i++ if (ref($tree->[$i]) eq 'HASH');

    while (defined $tree->[$i])
    {
        if ($tree->[$i] eq 'Menu')
        {
            move_menus($tree->[$i + 1]);
        }
        $i++;
        $i++;
    }
}

sub remove_allocated ($)
{
    my ($menu) = @_;

    my $i = 0;
    while ($i < @{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        my $entry = $menu->{'entries'}[$i];

        if ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            remove_allocated($entry->{menu});
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop' &&
               $menu->{'OnlyUnallocated'} &&
               $entry->{desktop}{'refcount'} > 1)
        {

            $entry->{desktop}{'refcount'}--;
            splice @{$menu->{'entries'}}, $i, 1;
        }
        else
        {
            $i++;
        }
    }
    return 0;
}


sub remove_empty_menus ($)
{
    my ($menu) = @_;


    my $i = 0;
    while ($i < @{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        my $entry = $menu->{'entries'}[$i];

        if ($entry->{type} eq 'menu' && remove_empty_menus($entry->{menu}))
        {
            splice @{$menu->{'entries'}}, $i, 1;
        }
        else
        {
            $i++;
        }
    }

    return 1 if @{$menu->{'entries'}} == 0; # && $menu->{'DontShowIfEmpty'}; #menu is empty

    return 0;
}


sub prepare_exec ($$)
{
    my ($exec, $desktop) = @_;

    $exec =~ s/%f//g;
    $exec =~ s/%F//g;
    $exec =~ s/%u//g;
    $exec =~ s/%U//g;
    $exec =~ s/%d//g;
    $exec =~ s/%D//g;
    $exec =~ s/%n//g;
    $exec =~ s/%N//g;
    $exec =~ s/%i//g;
    $exec =~ s/%k//g;
    $exec =~ s/%v//g;
    $exec =~ s/%m//g;

    my $caption = $desktop->{Name};

    $exec =~ s/%c/$caption/g;

    $exec =~ s/%%/%/g;

    $exec = "xterm -e $exec" if $desktop->{Terminal} eq '1' || $desktop->{Terminal} eq 'true';

    $exec = "$root_cmd $exec" if $desktop->{'X-KDE-SubstituteUID'} eq '1' || $desktop->{'X-KDE-SubstituteUID'} eq 'true';
    return $exec;
}

sub get_loc_entry ($$)
{
    my ($desktop, $entry) = @_;

    foreach my $key (@language_keys)
    {
        my $loc_entry = $entry . "[$key]";
        return $desktop->{$loc_entry} if defined $desktop->{$loc_entry} && $desktop->{$loc_entry} !~ /^\s*$/;
    }

    return $desktop->{$entry};
}

sub preprocess_menu ($)
{
# localize, sort, prepare_exec
    my ($menu) = @_;

    return 0 if $menu->{'Deleted'};
    return 0 unless check_show_in($menu->{'Directory'});
    return 0 if defined $menu->{'Directory'} && $menu->{'Directory'}->{'NoDisplay'} eq 'true';

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'Name'};

    if (defined $menu->{'Directory'})
    {
        my $directory = $menu->{'Directory'};

        my $directory_name = get_loc_entry($directory, 'Name');

        if (defined $directory_name)
        {
            Encode::from_to($directory_name, "utf8", $charset)
                if !defined $directory->{"Encoding"} || $directory->{"Encoding"} eq 'UTF-8';

            $menu_name = $directory_name;
        }
    }

    $menu->{'PrepName'} = $menu_name;
    $menu->{'PrepIcon'} = $menu->{"Directory"}->{"Icon"};

    my $i = 0;
    while (defined $menu->{'entries'}[$i])
    {
        my $entry = $menu->{'entries'}[$i];
        if ($entry->{'type'} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'id'};

            my $desktop_name = get_loc_entry($desktop, 'Name');

            if (defined $desktop_name)
            {
                Encode::from_to($desktop_name, "utf8", $charset)
                    if !defined $desktop->{"Encoding"} || $desktop->{"Encoding"} eq 'UTF-8';

                $name = $desktop_name;
            }

            $desktop->{'PrepName'} = $name;
            $entry->{'Name'} = $name;
            $entry->{'PrepName'} = $name;

            $desktop->{'PrepExec'} = prepare_exec($desktop->{Exec}, $desktop);
            $i++;
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            if (preprocess_menu ($entry->{'menu'}))
            {
                $entry->{'Name'} = $entry->{'menu'}{'Name'};
                $entry->{'PrepName'} = $entry->{'menu'}{'PrepName'};
                $i++;
            }
            else
            {
                splice @{$menu->{'entries'}}, $i, 1;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
            exit 1 if $die_on_error;
            splice @{$menu->{'entries'}}, $i, 1;
        }
    }

    $menu->{'entries'} = [ sort {$b->{'type'} cmp $a->{'type'} || $a->{'PrepName'} cmp $b->{'PrepName'}} @{$menu->{'entries'}} ];

    $i = 0;
    my $prev_entry;
    while (defined $menu->{'entries'}[$i])
    {
        my $entry = $menu->{'entries'}[$i];
        if (defined $prev_entry &&
            $entry->{'type'} eq 'desktop' &&
            $prev_entry->{'type'} eq 'desktop' &&
            $prev_entry->{'PrepName'} eq $entry->{'PrepName'} &&
            $prev_entry->{'desktop'}->{'PrepExec'} eq $entry->{'desktop'}->{'PrepExec'})
        {
            splice @{$menu->{'entries'}}, $i, 1;
        }
        else
        {
            $prev_entry = $entry;
            $i++;
        }
    }

    return 1;
}


sub output_wmaker_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'PrepName'};

    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output .= "\"$menu_name\" MENU\n";

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = $desktop->{'PrepExec'};

            $output .= ' ' x $indent;
            $output .= " \"$name\" EXEC $exec\n";
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            $output .= output_wmaker_menu ($entry->{'menu'}, $indent + 1);
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }
    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output .= "\"$menu_name\" END\n";

    return $output;
}

sub output_fvwm2_menu ($;$$)
{
    my ($menu, $toplevel, $path) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $path = '' unless defined $path;

    $toplevel = 1 unless defined $toplevel;

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'PrepName'};
    my $menu_id = "$path-" . $menu->{'Name'};
    $menu_id =~ s/\s/_/g;

    $menu_id = 'xdg_menu' if $toplevel;

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            $output .= output_fvwm2_menu($entry->{'menu'}, 0, $menu_id);
        }
    }

    $output .= "DestroyMenu \"$menu_id\"\n";
    $output .= "AddToMenu \"$menu_id\" \"$menu_name\" Title\n";

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = $desktop->{'PrepExec'};

            $output .= "+		 \"$name\" Exec $exec\n";
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            my $name = $entry->{'menu'}{'PrepName'};
            my $id = "$menu_id-" . $entry->{'menu'}{'Name'};
            $id =~ s/\s/_/g;

            $output .= "+		 \"$name\" Popup \"$id\"\n";
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }
    $output .= "\n";

    return $output;
}

sub output_blackbox_menu ($;$;$)
{
    my ($menu, $icon_needed, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $output .= "[begin] (Menu)\n";
    $output .= "[exec] (xterm) {xterm}\n[separator]\n";
    $output .= output_blackbox_inner_menu ($menu, $icon_needed, $indent);
    $output .= "[separator]\n";
    $output .= '[config] (Configuration)
                [workspaces] (Workspace)
                [submenu] (System Styles) {Choose a style...}
                        [stylesdir] (/usr/share/blackbox/styles)
			[stylesdir] (/usr/share/fluxbox/styles)
			[stylesdir] (/usr/share/openbox/styles)
                [end]
                [submenu] (User Styles) {Choose a style...}
                        [stylesdir] (~/.blackbox/styles)
			[stylesdir] (~/.fluxbox/styles)
			[stylesdir] (~/.openbox/styles)
                [end]
        [separator]
        [exec] (Run Command) {bbrun -a -w}
        [exec] (Lock Screen) {xlock}
        [restart] (Restart) {}
        [exit] (Logout)
[end]
    ';
  $output .= "[end]\n";
  return $output;
}


sub output_blackbox_inner_menu ($;$;$)
{
    my ($menu, $icon_needed, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'PrepName'};

    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output .= "[submenu] ($menu_name)\n";

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = $desktop->{'PrepExec'};

            $output .= ' ' x $indent;
            if($icon_needed)
            {
                my $icon = findicon($desktop->{'Icon'}) || "-";
                $output .= "    [exec] ($name) {$exec} <$icon>\n";
            }
            else
            {
                $output .= "    [exec] ($name) {$exec}\n";
            }
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            $output .= output_blackbox_inner_menu ($entry->{'menu'}, $icon_needed, $indent + 1);
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }
    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output .= "[end] # ($menu_name)\n";

    return $output;
}

sub output_icewm_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'PrepName'};
    #my $menu_icon = $menu->{'PrepIcon'} || "folder" ;
    my $menu_icon = findicon($menu->{'PrepIcon'}) || "folder";

    if($indent)
    {
	$output .= ' ' x $indent;
	$output .= "menu \"$menu_name\" $menu_icon {\n";
    }

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = $desktop->{'PrepExec'};
            my $icon = findicon($desktop->{'Icon'}) || "-";

            $output .= ' ' x $indent;
            $output .= " prog \"$name\" $icon $exec\n";
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            $output .= output_icewm_menu ($entry->{'menu'}, $indent + 1);
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }

    if($indent)
    {
	$output .= ' ' x $indent;
	$output .= "}\n";
    }

    return $output;
}



sub output_ion3_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    my @pending_list = ();

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'PrepName'};

    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output = "defmenu(\"".$menu_name."\", {\n";

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = $desktop->{'PrepExec'};

	    $exec =~ s/"/\\"/g;

            $output .= ' ' x $indent;
            $output .= "    menuentry(\"$name\", \"ioncore.exec_on(_, '$exec')\"),\n";
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            push @pending_list, $entry;
            $output .= "    submenu(\"".$entry->{'menu'}->{'PrepName'}."\", \"".$entry->{'menu'}->{'PrepName'}."\"),\n";
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }
    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output .= "})\n";

    foreach my $entry (@pending_list)
    {
        $output .= output_ion3_menu ($entry->{'menu'}, $indent + 1);
    }

    return $output;
}

sub output_awesome_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    my @pending_list = ();

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;

    my $menu_name = "menu".md5_hex($menu->{'PrepName'});
    if($indent == 0)
    {
        $menu_name = "xdgmenu";
    }

    #my $menu_icon = findicon($menu->{'PrepIcon'}) || "folder";

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            push @pending_list, $entry;
        }
    }

    foreach my $entry (@pending_list)
    {
        $output .= output_awesome_menu ($entry->{'menu'}, $indent + 1);
    }

    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    if($indent == 1)
    {
      $output .= 'local ';
    }
    $output .= $menu_name." = {\n";

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = $desktop->{'PrepExec'};
            my $icon = findicon($desktop->{'Icon'}) || "-";

            $exec =~ s/"/\\"/g;

            $output .= ' ' x $indent;
	    if ($icon eq "-") {
              $output .= "    {\"$name\", \"$exec\"},\n";
	    } else {
              $output .= "    {\"$name\", \"$exec\", \"$icon\" },\n";
	    }
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            $output .= "    {\"".$entry->{'menu'}->{'PrepName'}."\", "."menu".md5_hex($entry->{'menu'}->{'PrepName'})."},\n";
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }
    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output .= "}\n\n";

    return $output;
}

sub output_twm_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    my @pending_list = ();

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'PrepName'};

    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output = "menu \"".$menu_name."\"\n{\n";

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = $desktop->{'PrepExec'};

	    $exec =~ s/"/\\"/g;

            $output .= ' ' x $indent;
            $output .= "    \"$name\"  f.exec \"exec $exec &\"\n";
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            push @pending_list, $entry;
            $output .= "    \"".$entry->{'menu'}->{'PrepName'}."\"  f.menu \"".$entry->{'menu'}->{'PrepName'}."\"\n";
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }
    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output .= "}\n";

    foreach my $entry (@pending_list)
    {
        $output .= output_twm_menu ($entry->{'menu'}, $indent + 1);
    }

    return $output;
}

sub prepare_exec_xfce4 ($$)
{
    my ($exec, $desktop) = @_;

    $exec =~ s/%f//g;
    $exec =~ s/%F//g;
    $exec =~ s/%u//g;
    $exec =~ s/%U//g;
    $exec =~ s/%d//g;
    $exec =~ s/%D//g;
    $exec =~ s/%n//g;
    $exec =~ s/%N//g;
    $exec =~ s/%i//g;
    $exec =~ s/%k//g;
    $exec =~ s/%v//g;
    $exec =~ s/%m//g;

    my $caption = $desktop->{Name};

    $exec =~ s/%c/$caption/g;

    $exec =~ s/%%/%/g;

    $exec =~ s/\"/&quot;/g;

    $exec = "$root_cmd $exec" if $desktop->{'X-KDE-SubstituteUID'} eq '1' || $desktop->{'X-KDE-SubstituteUID'} eq 'true';
    return $exec;
}



sub output_xfce4_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;

    if ($indent == 0)
    {
        $output .= '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>' . "\n";
        $output .= '<!DOCTYPE xfdesktop-menu [' . "\n";
        $output .= '	<!ENTITY menu2 SYSTEM "menu2.xml">' . "\n";
        $output .= ']>' . "\n\n";
    }

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'PrepName'};

    $output .= ' ' x $indent;

    if ($indent == 0)
    {
        $output .= "<xfdesktop-menu>\n"
    }
    else
    {
        $output .= "<menu name=\"" . quote_xml($menu_name) ."\" visible=\"yes\">\n";
    }

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = prepare_exec_xfce4($desktop->{Exec}, $desktop);
            my $term = ($desktop->{Terminal} eq '1' || $desktop->{Terminal} eq 'true') ? "yes" : "no";

            $output .= ' ' x $indent;
            $output .= " <app name=\"" . quote_xml($name) ."\" cmd=\"$exec\" term=\"$term\"/>\n";
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            $output .= output_xfce4_menu ($entry->{'menu'}, $indent + 1);
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }
    $output .= ' ' x $indent;

    if ($indent == 0)
    {
        $output .= "</xfdesktop-menu>\n";
    }
    else
    {
        $output .= "</menu>\n";
    }

    return $output;
}

sub output_openbox3_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $output .= '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<openbox_menu xmlns="http://openbox.org/"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://openbox.org/
                file:///usr/share/openbox/menu.xsd">';
    $output .= "<menu id=\"xdg\" label=\"xdg\">\n";
    $output .= output_openbox3_inner_menu ($menu, $indent);
    $output .= "</menu>\n";
    $output .= '    <menu id="root-menu" label="Openbox 3">
 <item label="xterm">
 <action name="Execute"><execute>xterm</execute></action> </item>
 <separator />
 <menu id="KDE Menu" label="KDE Menu" />
 <separator />
 <menu id="client-list-menu" />
 <separator />
 <menu id="ob-menu" label="openbox3">
     <item label="ob conf"><action name="Execute"><execute>obconf</execute></action></item>
     <item label="reconfigure"><action name="Reconfigure" /></item>
 </menu>
 <separator />
 <item label="lock screen"><action name="Execute"><execute>xlock -remote -nice 19 -mode blank -geometry 1x1 -enablesaver</execute></action></item>
 <separator />
 <item label="Exit"><action name="Exit" /></item>
 </menu>';
    $output .= "</openbox_menu>\n";
    return $output;
}

sub output_openbox3_pipe_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $output .= "<openbox_pipe_menu>\n";
    $output .= output_openbox3_inner_menu ($menu, $indent);
    $output .= "</openbox_pipe_menu>\n";
    return $output;
}

sub output_openbox3_inner_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;
    my $menu_name = $menu->{'PrepName'};
    my $menu_icon = findicon($menu->{'PrepIcon'});

    if($indent != 0)
    {
	$output .= ' ' x $indent;

        if ($menu_icon eq "")
        {
            $output .= "<menu id=\"" . quote_xml($menu_name) . "\" label=\"".quote_xml($menu_name) . "\">\n";
        }
        else
        {
            $output .= "<menu id=\"" . quote_xml($menu_name) . "\" label=\"".quote_xml($menu_name) . "\" icon=\"" . quote_xml($menu_icon) . "\">\n";
        }

#       $output .= "<menu label=\"".quote_xml($menu_name) . "\">\n";
    }

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = $desktop->{'PrepExec'};
            my $icon = findicon($desktop->{'Icon'});

            $output .= ' ' x $indent;

            if ($icon eq "")
            {
                $output .= "     <item label=\"". quote_xml($name)."\">\n";
            }
            else
            {
                $output .= "     <item label=\"". quote_xml($name)."\" icon=\"" . quote_xml($icon) . "\">\n";
            }

            $output .= "       <action name=\"Execute\"><execute>$exec</execute></action>\n";
            $output .= "     </item>\n";
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            $output .= output_openbox3_inner_menu ($entry->{'menu'}, $indent + 1);
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }
    }

    if($indent != 0)
    {
	$output .= ' ' x $indent;
	$output .= "</menu> <!-- $menu_name -->\n";
    }

    return $output;
}


sub output_readable ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'Name'};

    $output .= "\t" x $indent;
    $output .= "\"$menu_name\" MENU\n";


    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop') {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{Name};

            $output .= "\t" x $indent;
            $output .= "\t\"$name\"\n";


            my @v = %$desktop;
            $output .= "@v\n" if $name  eq '';
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            $output .= output_readable ($entry->{menu}, $indent + 1);
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }

    return $output;
}

sub output_jwm_inner_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $indent = 0 unless defined $indent;

    my $menu_name = $menu->{'PrepName'};
    #my $menu_icon = $menu->{'PrepIcon'} || "folder" ;
    my $menu_icon = findicon($menu->{'PrepIcon'}) || "folder";

    if($indent)
    {
    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output .= "<Menu icon=\"$menu_icon\" label=\"$menu_name\">\n";
    }

    foreach my $entry (@{$menu->{'entries'}})
    {
        if ($entry->{type} eq 'desktop')
        {
            my $desktop = $entry->{desktop};

            my $name = $desktop->{'PrepName'};
            my $exec = $desktop->{'PrepExec'};
            my $icon = findicon($desktop->{'Icon'}) || "";

            $output .= ' ' x $indent;
            $output .= " <Program icon=\"$icon\" label=\"$name\">$exec</Program>\n";
        }
        elsif ($entry->{type} eq 'menu')
        {
            $output .= output_jwm_inner_menu ($entry->{'menu'}, $indent + 1);
        }
        else
        {
            print STDERR "wrong menu entry type: $entry->{type}";
        }

    }

    if($indent)
    {
    $output .= ' ' x $indent;
    $output .= "</Menu>\n";
    }

    return $output;
}

sub output_jwm_menu ($;$)
{
    my ($menu, $indent) = @_;

    my $output = '';

    $output .= "<JWM>\n";
    $output .= output_jwm_inner_menu ($menu, $indent);
    $output .= "</JWM>\n";
    return $output;
}

sub get_root_menu
{
    foreach my $dir (split(/:/, $ENV{XDG_CONFIG_DIRS}), "/etc/xdg")
    {
        check_file("$dir/menus/arch-applications.menu");
        return "$dir/menus/arch-applications.menu" if -f "$dir/menus/arch-applications.menu";
    }
    return "";
}

sub get_kde_config
{
    my $ret = 'true';
    if(-x '/usr/bin/kde4-config')
    {
        $ret = '/usr/bin/kde4-config';
    }
    elsif(-x '/opt/kde/bin/kde-config')
    {
        $ret = '/opt/kde/bin/kde-config';
    }
    return $ret;
}

sub get_app_dirs
{
    my %used;
    my $ret = '';


    my @kde_xdgdata = split(/:/, `$kdeconfig --path xdgdata-apps`);

    foreach $_ (@kde_xdgdata)
    {
        s/\/applications\/*\s*$//;
    };

    foreach my $d (split(/:/, $ENV{XDG_DATA_DIRS}), @kde_xdgdata, "/usr/share", "/opt/gnome/share")
    {
        my $dir = $d;
        $dir =~ s/\/*$//;
        next if defined $used{$dir};
        next if check_file("$dir/applications") ne 'D';
        $ret .= ':' if $ret ne '';
        $ret .= "$dir/applications";
        $used{$dir} = 1;
    }
    return $ret;
}

sub get_desktop_dirs
{
    my %used;
    my $ret = '';
    foreach my $dir (split(/:/, $ENV{XDG_DATA_DIRS}), "/usr/share", "/opt/kde3/share", "/opt/gnome/share")
    {
        next if defined $used{$dir};
        next if check_file("$dir/desktop-directories") ne 'D';
        $ret .= ':' if $ret ne '';
        $ret .= "$dir/desktop-directories";
        $used{$dir} = 1;
    }
    return $ret;
}

sub get_KDE_legacy_dirs
{
    my %used;
    my @ret;
    foreach my $d ("/etc/opt/kde3/share/applnk", "/opt/kde3/share/applnk", reverse(split(/:/, `$kdeconfig --path apps`)))
    {
        my $dir = $d;
        chomp $dir;
        $dir =~ s/\/*$//;
        next if defined $used{$dir};
        next if check_file("$dir") ne 'D';
        $used{$dir} = 1;
        push @ret, $dir;
    }
    return @ret;
}

sub prepare_language_keys ($)
{
    my ($language) = @_;

    my @keys;

    $language =~ s/\.[^@]*//;  # remove .ENCODING

    if ($language =~ /^([^_]*)_([^@]*)@(.*)$/)
    { # LANG_COUNTRY@MODIFIER
        push @keys, $1 . '_' . $2 . '@' . $3;
        push @keys, $1 . '_' . $2;
        push @keys, $1 . '@' . $3;
        push @keys, $1;
    }
    elsif ($language =~ /^([^_]*)_([^@]*)$/)
    { # LANG_COUNTRY
        push @keys, $1 . '_' . $2;
        push @keys, $1;
    }
    elsif ($language =~ /^([^_]*)@(.*)$/)
    { # LANG@MODIFIER
        push @keys, $1 . '@' . $2;
        push @keys, $1;
    }
    elsif ($language =~ /^([^_@]*)$/)
    { # LANG
        push @keys, $1;
    }

    return @keys;
}

sub get_cache_dir
{
    my $ret;
    if($ENV{XDG_CACHE_HOME})
    {
        $ret = "$ENV{XDG_CACHE_HOME}/xdg_menu";
    }
    else
    {
        $ret = "$ENV{HOME}/.xdg_menu_cache";
    }
    return $ret;
}

sub check_cache
{
    my $cachedir = get_cache_dir;

    return unless -f "$cachedir/inputs" && -f "$cachedir/output";

    my @st = stat "$cachedir/output";
    my $ref_time = $st[10]; #ctime

    open(FILE, "<$cachedir/inputs");

    my $num_opts = 0;

    while (<FILE>)
    {
        chomp;
        next if /^\s*$/;
        next if /^#/;

            if (/^[FD] (.*)$/)
        {
            my $file = $1;
            my @st = stat $file;
            my $time = $st[10]; #ctime

            if (!defined $time || $time >= $ref_time)
            {
#				print STDERR "$file: is newer\n";
                return;
            }
        }
        elsif (/^X (.*)$/)
        {
            my $file = $1;

            if (-e $file) {
#				print STDERR "$file: exists\n";
                return;
            }
        }
        elsif (/^ENV ([^ ]+) (.*)$/)
        {
            my $var = $1;
            my $val = $2;

            if ($ENV{$var} ne $val)
            {
#				print STDERR "$var: differs\n";
                return;
            }
        }
        elsif (/^OPT ([0-9]+) (.*)$/)
        {
            my $optidx = $1;
            my $val = $2;

            $num_opts ++;
            if ($save_ARGV[$optidx] ne $val)
            {
#				print STDERR "$optidx: differs\n";
                return;
            }
        }
        elsif (/^CHARSET (.*)$/)
        {
            my $charset = $1;

            if ($charset ne langinfo(CODESET))
            {
#				print STDERR "charset $charset differs\n";
                return;
            }
        }
        elsif (/^LANGUAGE (.*)$/)
        {
            my $language = $1;

            if ($language ne setlocale(LC_MESSAGES))
            {
#				print STDERR "language $language differs\n";
                return;
            }
        }
        elsif (/^VERSION (.*)$/)
        {
            my $v = $1;

            if ($v ne $Version) {
#				print STDERR "Version differs\n";
                return;
            }
        }
        else {
            print STDERR "Wrong cache inputs list\n";
            return;
        }


    }

    return if $num_opts != @save_ARGV;

    open(FILE, "<$cachedir/output") or return;

    print STDERR "Using cached output\n" if $verbose;

    my $buf;
    while(read(FILE, $buf, 4096))
    {
        print $buf;
    }
    close(FILE);

    exit 0;
}

sub write_cache ($)
{
    my ($output) = @_;
    my $cachedir = get_cache_dir;

    mkdir $cachedir;
    unlink "$cachedir/output";

    open(FILE, ">$cachedir/inputs") or return;
    print FILE "# this file contains list of inputs xdg_menu\n";
    print FILE "VERSION $Version\n";
    print FILE "\n\n";
    print FILE join("\n",  @accessed_files);
    print FILE "\n\n";

    for (my $i = 0; $i < @save_ARGV; $i++)
    {
        print FILE "OPT $i $save_ARGV[$i]\n";
    }

    print FILE "ENV XDG_CONFIG_DIRS $ENV{XDG_CONFIG_DIRS}\n";
    print FILE "ENV XDG_DATA_DIRS $ENV{XDG_DATA_DIRS}\n";

    print FILE "CHARSET " . langinfo(CODESET) . "\n";
    print FILE "LANGUAGE " . setlocale(LC_MESSAGES) . "\n";

    close(FILE);
    open(FILE, ">$cachedir/output") or return;
    print FILE $output;
    close(FILE);
}


#
# ################################################
#

check_cache();

use XML::Parser;

$DefaultAppDirs = get_app_dirs();
$DefaultDirectoryDirs = get_desktop_dirs();

my $root_menu = get_root_menu();

@KDELegacyDirs = get_KDE_legacy_dirs();

$charset = langinfo(CODESET);
$language = setlocale(LC_MESSAGES);

$root_cmd = "/usr/bin/gnomesu" if -x '/usr/bin/gnomesu';
$root_cmd = "/usr/bin/kdesu" if -x '/usr/bin/kdesu';

my $help;

GetOptions("format=s" => \$format,
           "fullmenu" => \$fullmenu,
           "desktop=s" => \$desktop_name,
           "charset=s" => \$charset,
           "language=s" => \$language,
           "root-menu=s" => \$root_menu,
           "die-on-error" => \$die_on_error,
           "verbose" => \$verbose,
           "help" => \$help
    );

@language_keys = prepare_language_keys($language);

$desktop_name = $format unless defined $desktop_name;

if ($help)
{
    print <<"EOF";

    xdg-menu - XDG menus for WindowMaker and other window managers
      http://freedesktop.org/Standards/menu-spec


    Usage:
      xdg_menu [--format <format>] [--desktop <desktop>]
      [--charset <charset>] [--language <language>]
      [--root-menu <root-menu>] [--die-on-error]
      [--fullmenu] [--help]

      format - output format

      possible formats: twm, WindowMaker, fvwm2, icewm,  ion3,
                        blackbox, fluxbox, openbox,
                        xfce4, openbox3, openbox3-pipe, awesome
                        jwm, readable
                        default: WindowMaker

      fullmenu  - output a full menu and not only a submenu

      desktop - desktop name for NotShowIn and OnlyShowIn
                default: the same as format

      charset - output charset
                default: $charset

      language - output language
                 default: $language

      root-menu - location of root menu file
                  default: $root_menu

      die-on-error - abort execution on any error,
                     default: try to continue

      verbose - print debugging information

      help - print this text

EOF
 exit 0;
}


unless ( -f $root_menu)
{
    print STDERR "Can't find root menu file.\n";
    exit 1;
}

my $tree = read_menu($root_menu);

merge_menus($tree);
move_menus($tree);

my $menu = interpret_root($tree, '');

remove_allocated($menu);
preprocess_menu($menu);
remove_empty_menus($menu);

my $output;

if ($format eq 'WindowMaker')
{
    $output = output_wmaker_menu($menu);
}
elsif ($format eq 'fvwm2')
{
    $output = output_fvwm2_menu($menu);
}
elsif ($format eq 'icewm')
{
    $output = output_icewm_menu($menu);
}
elsif ($format eq 'ion3')
{
    $output = output_ion3_menu($menu);
}
elsif ($format eq 'awesome')
{
    $output = output_awesome_menu($menu);
}
elsif ($format eq 'twm')
{
    $output = output_twm_menu($menu);
}
elsif ($format eq 'xfce4')
{
    $output = output_xfce4_menu($menu);
}
elsif ( ($format eq 'blackbox') || ($format eq 'openbox') || ($format eq 'fluxbox') )
{
    if ($fullmenu)
    {
        $output = output_blackbox_menu($menu, $format eq 'fluxbox');
    }
    else
    {
        $output = output_blackbox_inner_menu($menu, $format eq 'fluxbox');
    }
}
elsif ($format eq 'openbox3')
{
    if ($fullmenu)
    {
        $output = output_openbox3_menu($menu);
    }
    else
    {
        $output = output_openbox3_inner_menu($menu);
    }
}
elsif ($format eq 'openbox3-pipe')
{
    $output = output_openbox3_pipe_menu($menu);
}
elsif ($format eq 'jwm')
{
    if ($fullmenu)
    {
        $output = output_jwm_menu($menu);
    }
    else
    {
        $output = output_jwm_inner_menu($menu);
    }
}
elsif ($format eq 'readable')
{
    $output = output_readable($menu);
}
else
{
    print STDERR "Unknown format $format\n";
    exit 1;
}

print $output;
write_cache($output);

exit 0;

Offline

#8 2019-11-09 17:53:49

Jerry3904
Member
Registered: 2013-11-09
Posts: 744

Re: launch applications menu

Simple, huh?!

Thanks, I will see what that does.


MX-19 (based on Debian Stable) with Xfce 4.14.
My little collection: Xfce Tidbits

Offline

#9 2019-11-10 12:18:04

Jerry3904
Member
Registered: 2013-11-09
Posts: 744

Re: launch applications menu

In case anyone is tempted to try that xdg_menu command, I found it unusable in its present form on a Debian Stable base. The output file contained 174 lines, and when running it only 4 items showed in the menu itself.


MX-19 (based on Debian Stable) with Xfce 4.14.
My little collection: Xfce Tidbits

Offline

Board footer

Powered by FluxBB